Worldviews are the lenses through which we see the world around us. It is important to understand these perspectives. In the following paper I shall discuss three particular worldviews that we encounter frequently within our postmodern society. I also want to discuss the alternative which is a biblical worldview. Which when held against the weight of these other perspectives it holds the most weight. It answers all the questions that humanity longs to have answered.
I want to first discuss Naturalism. This perspective has ruled the modern world. We see it rise to real prominence thanks to the works of Charles Darwin. Darwin’s theory of evolution sought to answer the question of human history. Where did we come from? Let us look at what Darwin’s Theory of Evolution speaks of. Darwin’s Theory states, “All species of organisms arise and develop through the natural selection of small, inherited variations that increase the individual’s ability to compete, survive, and reproduce.” Darwin’s view of natural selection encompassed the belief that, “random mutations arise in the genome of an individual organism, and these mutations can be passed to offspring. Throughout the individuals’ lives, their genomes interact with their environments to cause variations in traits. Individuals with certain variants of the trait may survive and reproduce more than individuals with other, less successful, variants. Therefore, the population evolves.” (n.d. Retrieved February 15, 2016)
There is a problem that arises in Darwin’s Theory. His theory does not conclude what caused life to form on this planet. He works to prove that we came from something and evolved into the complex creatures we are today, but fails to solidify a consensus on creation of life in general. Further if we look into the process of the scientific method, a theory is weighed against a control. Yet there must be some absolute to weigh this against. In creation using scientific means there is no absolute. That is the problem with naturalism. It is based on particular theories that in essence cannot be weighed against an absolute making the theory no more than a highly educated guess that eventually gains acceptance by the masses.
When we compare this naturalistic view to a biblical view we see that the biblical view holds the absolute that science can weigh against. Science for centuries has worked to disprove biblical teachings of creations when in fact science compliments the absolutes that are found with in the Bible. In the Bible we learn that the universe and all that exists within it was created by a divine God. This explains the creation of life. There is another widely accepted naturalistic view of the creation of the universe. This is called the Big Bang Theory. The Big Bang Theory states that, “The big bang theory is defined as the theory that the universe may have been created in a huge explosion at least 12 billion years ago.” (big-bang theory defined. n.d.) This sudden violent unequivocal explosion is what has been accepted as the means by which the universe came into existence. Though the founder of the Big Bang Theory Belgian Cosmologist Georges Lemaître believed and expressed that the big bang would be exactly what he would expect when God said in Genesis 1:1, “Let There Be Light.”(Georges Lemaitre, Father of the Big Bang. n.d.)
Next I want to look at the worldview called Nihilism. Nihilism simply stated means there is no meaning to anything. It is a pessimistic and negative viewpoint that found life in the mid to late 19th Century. It can also be classified as a belief in the complete absence of God. One of the prominent founders of this movement Friedrich Nietzsche said in a lecture that, “God is dead. God remains dead. And we have killed him. How shall we comfort ourselves, the murderers of all murderers? What was holiest and mightiest of all that the world has yet owned has bled to death under our knives: who will wipe this blood off us? What water is there for us to clean ourselves? What festivals of atonement, what sacred games shall we have to invent? Is not the greatness of this deed too great for us? Must we ourselves not become gods simply to appear worthy of it?” (God is Dead. n.d.) This particular worldview can also be classified as the complete antithesis of Christianity. That lack of meaning in life leads one individual to further question the need for morality, value systems, and legality. If nothing has meaning than what is the point of anything?
When you compare this to the Biblical perspective of life and meaning it is as different as night is too day. Let us look at Jeremiah 29:11 which says, “For I know the plans I have for you,” says the LORD. “They are plans for good and not for disaster, to give you a future and a hope.” This particular passage speaks of a personal God who is active within our life, and who is working for our good. He wants us to have a future and a hope. This is in stark contradiction to the extremely negative nihilistic worldview that perpetuates that there is no future and no hope. We simply live to die.
Finally I would like to discuss the most recent and most held worldview and that is Existentialism. Existentialism can be defined as a relativistic viewpoint. “Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity within themselves, but they only have relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration.” (n.d.. Retrieved February 15, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativism)This is the central nucleolus of post modernism. There are no absolutes only individual beliefs and opinions that hold the same merit and weight of all others. In addition since there are no moral absolutes we can do what we want, when we want, and whichever way we want. I use the Nike slogan of, “Just Do It” as the creed for this worldview. Existentialism is a hedonistic worldview centered around passions, freedoms, and individuality. This too is in contradiction to Biblical principles that state there are eternal consequences to the choices and decisions we make. Further there are moral absolutes that God has given to mankind. We find these as the Biblical 10 Commandments found in the book of Exodus.
- You shall have no other gods before Me.
- You shall not make idols.
- You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain.
- Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
- Honor your father and your mother.
- You shall not murder.
- You shall not commit adultery.
- You shall not steal.
- You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
- You shall not covet.
The 10 Commandments has been the foundation by which our entire societal legal system has been based. The American legal system was founded on English Common Law. English Common Law was built upon the Judeo-Christian 10 Commandments.
As I have stated and compared throughout this paper there are many fallacies in the worldview perspectives listed. There is only one worldview that not only answers the basic questions of humanity it offers complete absolutes in regards to our future, morality, and life after death. Only a biblical worldview gives us hope in the midst of uncertainty. These other worldviews do the direct opposite and takes away hope. This lack of hope then erodes meaning. When hope, and meaning erode society collapses under the weight of its own unbridled vices. Without this we are in trouble. Unfortunately our world is heading in that direction.
(n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Darwinism
(n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relativism
Big-bang theory dictionary definition | big-bang theory defined. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.yourdictionary.com/big-bang-theory
Georges Lemaitre, Father of the Big Bang. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.amnh.org/education/resources/rfl/web/essaybooks/cosmic/p_lemaitre.html
God is Dead. (n.d.). Retrieved February 15, 2016, from http://www.philosophy-index.com/nietzsche/god-is-dead/